Neurofeedback Training

Neurofeedback training is a non-invasive therapeutic approach with the intention of normalizing mood and behaviour without the dependence on medications or behavioural therapy. It uses specialized EEG equipment that allows brain to receive feedback from its own electrical activity.

The feedback is essentially a mirror to the brain, and when the brain is in a witness state of its own activity, it starts to shift itself out of rigid patterns of dysregualtion towards healthy self-regulation. Overall neurofeedabck aids the brain’s ability to generate appropriate brainwave patterns that can lead to long term improvements with issues such as ADHD, anxiety, panic, depression, insomnia, chronic pain, and much more.

The goal of Neurofeedback is to achieve stable and calm state of mind which allows for more clear, balanced thoughts and increased control over emotional stressors. Many people report that the feel more grounded and connected to their bodies and do not feel the overwhelm of distressful bodily sensations.

Combining neurofeedback within your psychotherapy sessions is an effective treatment plan that can rapidly increase therapeutic outcomes. Additionally, the coping strategies learned in psychotherapy become much easier when the brain learns to calm itself with ongoing Neurofeedback treatments.

For those seeking a competitive edge in academics, sports or business will find Neurofeedback a very effective tool as well. It can decrease distractibility, strengthen cognitive function, and enhance creativity.

Neurofeedback Benefits

The seven most important benefits of Neurofeedback Therapy include…

  • Reduces symptoms of anxiety
  • Reduces depressive episodes
  • Improves attention and focus
  • Helps to treat symptoms of post-traumatic stress
  • Provides emotional stability
  • Improves cognitive functioning
  • Improves quality of sleep

Primary Conditions Neurofeedback Treats

  • ADHD
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Clinical Depression
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • PTSD
  • Insomnia
  • Panic Attacks
  • Phobias
  • Attachment Disorders
  • Stress Related Chronic Pain

Why are brainwaves important?

Neurofeedback helps you to get control over the brain waves by directing them towards healthier patterns. Problems occur when the brainwaves are either too slow or fast. As brainwaves get into balance unwanted symptoms naturally reduce or resolve.

Delta Waves

Delta Waves are the slowest recorded brainwaves and are associated with deepest levels of relaxation and sleep. Delta brainwave activity has been linked to improved immunity, reduced stress levels, and increased longevity.  Disruption in delta brain waves is seen in people with issues such as severe ADHD, the inability to think, learning problems, and brain injuries. 

Theta Waves

Theta Waves are very slow brainwaves waves associated with feeling very relaxed, daydreaming, and drifting off to sleep. When the theta rhythm appears to function normally it promotes learning and memory. Too many theta waves result in issues such as depression, ADHD and impulse control.

Alpha Waves

Alpha Waves simply indicate that you are in a state of wakeful rest. Alpha waves induce a feeling of calm, increase creativity, and enhance your ability to absorb new information. People who struggle with focus, anxiety, OCD and addiction have excessively fast alpha waves.

Beta Waves

Beta Waves are fast frequencies and are necessary for concentration and completing tasks. These brainwaves occur when the brain is engaged and focused. Symptoms of low beta waves include difficulties with attention, sleep, chronic pain and depression. Excessively high Beta waves increase anxiety, paranoia, and feeling highly stressed.

Gamma Waves

Gamma Waves are the fastest of brainwaves and are responsible for cognitive functioning, learning, memory, and information processing. People tend to be happier, focused, and receptive when gamma waves are balanced. Problems with gamma waves include learning and memory problems.

Combining neurofeedback within your psychotherapy sessions is an effective treatment plan that can rapidly increase therapeutic outcomes.

Mind-Body Psychotherapy and Neurofeedback work well together to accelerate the healing process. The goals of Neurofeedback and psychotherapy are both to help clients to reduce fear and emotionally regulate. Psychotherapy provides the skills, awareness and process to shift thoughts, feelings and behaviours while Neurofeedback promotes balanced brainwaves to make those changes easier, faster and more effective.

EMDR Trauma Therapy integrated with Neurofeedback promotes healing of trauma and post-traumatic stress. Neurofeedback calms the nervous system and reduces dissociation to help the client tolerate EMDR treatment by staying within the window of tolerance. The window of tolerance means that you can deal with stressors and negative emotions without feeling excessively anxious, scared or out of control.

Somatic Body Work and Neurofeedback provides a more complete system of healing and resolving trauma. Although Neurofeedback may reveal and surface an underlying trauma it may not be able to process it completely as memory is also distributed throughout the body. A trained somatic body worker can discharge emotions from unresolved memories in a safe and gently away.

Neurofeedback and Coaching is of benefit for anyone who wants to gain a competitive edge in academic, sports, or business. Cognitive functioning, information processing, and problem-solving ability are all increased with Neurofeedback training. By actively increasing gamma waves a client can experience high level thought and focus along with enhanced creativity.

Neurofeedback therapies we provide include…

LENS Neurofeedback

LENS Neurofeedback, also known as Direct Neurofeedback, is an advanced form of neurofeedback training that offers faster results compared to traditional methods. Unlike conventional systems, LENS does not rely on visual or auditory feedback, operant conditioning, or prolonged screen time. Instead, it utilizes extremely low-strength electromagnetic currents derived from the client’s unique EEG pattern, completing sessions in minutes. This makes it ideal for individuals who struggle with sustained focus or easily become bored.

During a session, sensors are placed on the client’s scalp to capture brainwave activity, which is then processed by computer software to extract information about brainwave frequencies. Through a patented process, this information is sent back to the scalp sensors, delivering an ultra-low voltage signal to stimulate frozen pathways in the brain and promote optimal functioning. The signal is safe and significantly weaker than a standard AA battery.

Neuro Soma Wellness employs the LENS system developed by Dr. Len Ochs in 1990, with ongoing advancements in technology and concepts. According to Ochs Labs, 85 percent of individuals using LENS experience significant and lasting benefits, typically requiring around 11 sessions to observe positive, enduring change.

Infra-Low (ILF) Neurofeedback

Infra-Low Neurofeedback, developed by Sue and Siegfried Othmer at the EEG Institute in Woodland Hills, California in 2006, is an innovative neurofeedback approach targeting brain frequencies below 0.1 Hertz to regulate the autonomic nervous system’s fight, freeze, flight response. With over 25 years of research, this method has shown rapid results across various clinical conditions, particularly benefiting individuals with sensitive nervous systems or developmental trauma by promoting deep calming and stability.

Training involves placing EEG sensors on specific scalp locations to pick up brainwave activity, which is then analyzed and fed back to the client in real-time through visual, auditory, and tactile cues. By witnessing its own activity, the brain learns to create more efficient patterns, tapping into its inherent self-regulation capabilities. Infra-Low Neurofeedback is holistic, activating the brain’s healing potential without the need for external instruction, relying instead on the client’s self-reporting of symptoms.

The therapist’s role involves determining the ideal training frequency and sites and tracking symptom progress. Regular sessions, lasting 30 to 45 minutes each and attended at least once weekly, are recommended for optimal outcomes, with a minimum program of 20 sessions. This approach negates the need for costly QEEG assessments, as the training program targets the entire brain through its sequence of placements thereby making expensive QEEG assessments mostly redundant and unnecessary.

Please refer to the following article for more information about ILF Neurofeedback:

SMR Neurofeedback

SMR (Sensorimotor Rhythm) Training neurofeedback is a specialized form of neurofeedback therapy that targets the brainwave frequency known as SMR, typically ranging from 12 to 15 Hz. This frequency is associated with a state of alert focus and inner calm. During SMR training sessions, individuals are guided to increase SMR activity while decreasing other brainwave frequencies, such as theta waves (related to drowsiness and mind wandering) and high beta waves (related to anxiety and racing thoughts).

SMR Training neurofeedback is helpful because it aims to promote a balanced state of focused attention and relaxation, enhancing cognitive performance and attention. This therapy has been used clinically for many years and has shown promise in reducing symptoms associated with conditions such as ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder).

Scientific evidence supporting the effectiveness of SMR Training neurofeedback is robust. Numerous clinical studies have demonstrated its efficacy in improving selective attention, cognitive performance, and overall well-being. For example, one study found that a single session of SMR neurofeedback improved selective attention in healthy adults by reorganizing brain-heart interplay. This suggests that when the brain and heart work synergistically, there is greater coherence between thoughts, feelings, and intentions, leading to a deeper sense of connection with oneself and the world. Overall, scientific research supports the use of SMR Training neurofeedback as a valuable tool for enhancing cognitive function and promoting emotional well-being.

A Single Session of SMR-Neurofeedback Training Improves Selective Attention Emerging from a Dynamic Structuring of Brain–HeartInterplay

Bouny, Pierre, Laurent M. Arsac, Yvan Pratviel, Alexis Boffet, Emma Touré Cuq, and Veronique Deschodt-Arsac. 2022. “A Single Session of SMR-Neurofeedback Training Improves Selective Attention Emerging from a Dynamic Structuring of Brain–Heart Interplay” Brain Sciences 12, no. 6: 794.

Biofeedback & Heart Rate Variability

Biofeedback is a mind-body therapy that provides real-time information about bodily functions, empowering individuals to relax muscles, decrease heart rate and breathing, and alleviate tension and pain. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training, a specific form of biofeedback, focuses on synchronizing breathing with heart rate patterns to enhance parasympathetic nervous system activity. During HRV sessions, clients are connected to sensors measuring heart rate and body temperature, with data relayed to a computer program offering visual and auditory feedback. By aligning breathing with heart rate, HRV training increases heart rate variability, leading to improved adaptability to stressors and faster recovery.

This therapy has shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety, depression, insomnia, post-traumatic stress, and chronic pain, while also lowering cardiovascular risk. Combining HRV training with Neurofeedback sessions can further enhance therapeutic outcomes, as HRV promotes a calm state and oxygenation of the brain, facilitating quicker learning during Neurofeedback sessions.

Synchrony Neurofeedback

Synchrony Neurofeedback training complements Infra-Low and Alpha Theta training sessions, promoting a mental state akin to mindfulness and deep meditation. Clients often report feelings of oneness, bodily safety, and openness to others post-training. Ongoing sessions can significantly reduce social anxiety by fostering brain flexibility, relaxation, and readiness for various mental states. Utilizing changing fractals for feedback, the program targets gamma (40 Hz), 10 Hz, and Infra-Low (0.05 Hz) frequencies, focusing on Default Mode Networks to foster coherence and synchronization in brainwave activity. This therapy aims to promote relaxation, reduce stress, and enhance overall brain function, making it particularly beneficial for those seeking to enhance meditation or mindfulness practices.

See the experiences of a long-term meditator as recorded by the Othmers

Alpha Theta Neurofeedback

Alpha Theta neurofeedback training is a specialized therapy that targets subconscious processing and unresolved fears, typically administered following awake state training like Infra-Low Neurofeedback. It begins with guided imagery to evoke a calm state and positive intention before the client reclines in a dimly lit room, listening to bilateral beats through headphones. These beats encourage deep relaxation, akin to the pre-sleep state, facilitating the surfacing of subconscious content in a safe manner. After the session, clients discuss emerging insights and images with the therapist to consciously process the experience.

This type of neurofeedback targets alpha (8-12 Hz) and theta (4-8 Hz) brainwave frequencies associated with deep relaxation and subconscious processing. Increasing alpha and theta activity can lead to reduced anxiety, enhanced creativity, and improved emotional processing. Alpha Theta Neurofeedback is particularly beneficial for individuals with PTSD, developmental trauma, or addictive habits, providing a pathway for emotional healing and personal growth in a therapeutic setting. Ultimately, it aims to promote relaxation, emotional regulation, and overall psychological well-being.

Brainwave Entrainment & Emotional Transformation Therapy

Brainwave entrainment employs various stimulation methods like flickering lights, pulsing sounds, and electromagnetic fields to guide the brain toward accessing desired brainwave frequencies and states of mind. The ultimate aim, regardless of the method used, is to synchronize brainwaves with a specific frequency, leading to positive therapeutic effects:

  • 5Increased attention (gamma and beta waves)
  • 5Improved sleep quality (theta and delta waves)
  • 5Reduced stress and anxiety (alpha waves)

Research indicates that brainwave entrainment is an effective therapeutic tool for addressing cognitive deficits, stress, pain, headaches/migraines, PMS, and behavioral issues.

One specific brainwave entrainment therapy utilized to support clients is Emotional Transformation Therapy (ETT). ETT facilitates the resolution of psychological issues in a relatively short timeframe. Through the use of flickering lights and colors emitted by a specialized device known as the Light Emitting Device, clients verbalize their psychological concerns while the therapist matches specific wavelengths of light and color to the client’s emotional state. This precise matching process leads to a reduction in emotional distress and the emergence of profound insights.

ETT is a non-invasive therapy beneficial for transforming painful emotions and addressing symptoms related to trauma, nightmares, and stress. It is particularly helpful for individuals seeking to address emotions such as anger, fear, or shame that negatively impact well-being. Light therapy, including ETT, has been supported by research as an effective treatment for mood conditions like seasonal affective disorder.

Neurofeedback FAQ

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How long does it take to see results from neurofeedback?

The length of time to see changes varies from person to person. Most people will see positive change within 5 to 10 sessions, and small changes in 2 to 3 sessions. Every nervous system is different, and the brain needs time to make small changes before it is prepared to make bigger changes. Client’s will be able to track their progress from session to session with our online tracking tools.

How do I know if neurofeedback is working?

Noticeable changes occur when you first start a neurofeedback training program. Most people report within a short period of time improved sleep, waking up with more energy, less irritability, and a general of feeling of calm. There is a small percentage of people who do not respond to neurofeedback treatment.

Are neurofeedback changes permanent?

The positive results generated from the neurofeedback sessions will continue after treatment as long as the person maintains a healthy and balanced lifestyle such as regular exercise, good nutrition and reducing stress. As part of your training program changes in lifestyle will be addressed as part of the overall treatment plan.

What to expect after your first neurofeedback session?

It is normal to feel tired after your first session. Your brain has gone through a vigorous workout and will need time to adjust. Some people report a slight headache, irritability and at times anxiety one or two days after training. These symptoms are transitory and will subside within a day or two. You can expect to experience less or no post-training symptoms as training continues.

How many sessions will I need?

The minimum requirement for the neurofeedback training program for Infra-Low Neurofeedback is 20 sessions and 10 sessions for LENS Low Energy Neurofeedabck. Some people will require more than the minimum number of sessions depending on how dysregulated the nervous system is, for example, pervasive and complex trauma, concussions, developmental and personality disorders.

Are treatments covered under my insurance?

Neurofeedback sessions can be covered under psychotherapy services through private insurance plans. As long as you are being treated by a Registered Psychotherapist, and neurofeedback is part of your overall psychotherapy treatment plan, coverage is permissible.

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